Facing any kind of medical situation is always difficult, when facing it in a foreign country though it can be very scary to say the least. Although we wish everyone health and safety above all, we share the following recommendations from the Spanish Health Authorities hoping that it can help anyone in need. Here are the 10 things the Spanish Ministry of Health is asking residents to do if facing symptoms or going through mild cases of COVID-19. (Published March 17, 2020 on www.mscbs.gob.es).
Acting as recommended by Health Authorities and experts can help us better control situations that may arise these days as well as help protect you and everyone! In case of symptoms (fever, cough and difficulty breathing) or confirmed mild cases, follow these steps:
In a single use room, with a window, keeping the closed door, and, if possible, individual bathroom. If not possible, keep the safe distance of 2 meters with the rest of cohabitants and extreme hygiene.
2 STAY COMMUNICATED
Have a phone available to report needs that may arise and so that you can maintain communication with the outside and your loved ones.
3 FEELING OF GRAVENESS
If you have a feeling of shortness of breath or a feeling of graveness regarding any other symptoms, call 112.
4 YOUR AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY COVID-19 DEDICATED PHONE
For related COVID-19 matters call the phone enabled in your Autonomous Community on the following dedicated numbers.
Madrid: 900 102 112
Basque Country: 900 203 050
Andalucía: 900 400 061 / 955 545 060
For full list of Autonomous Community dedicated numbers, click here.
For full list of emergency number in Spain click here.
5 SELF CARE
Use acetaminophen/paracetamol to control fever; put wet cloths on forehead or take a warm shower to help control fever; drink liquids; rest but make sure to move around the room from time to time.
6 HOME ISOLATION*
Now that you have taken the most immediate actions to self-isolate, study and apply the recommendations for home isolation and inform your cohabitants they must quarantine.**
*Isolation: Is a measure of confinement of a sick and contagious person, decided by the doctor in charge of the patient’s care or self imposed. If necessary, isolation may be imposed by the Ministry of Health if, for example, the patient refuses isolation or its treatment management. The duration of isolation depends on the duration of contagiousness of the disease. Isolation is usually done in a hospital, but can also be done at home.
**Quarantine: It is a measure of confinement of a person in good health but mostly having had proven close contact with a sick and contagious person.
7 HAND WASHING
Make sure everyone at home knows how to effectively wash their hands. (Click here for Ministry of Health guidelines)
8 IF YOU GET WORSE
If you get worse and have difficulty breathing or your fever is uncontrollable, call 112.
9 14 DAYS
It is recommended to maintain isolation for at least 14 days from the start of symptoms, provided symptoms have disappeared.
Follow-up and discharge should be supervised by your Primary Care or according to indications made by each Autonomous Community